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Issue Date:  4
Title: Conceptual design for a re-entrant type fuel channel for supercritical water-cooled nuclear reactors
Authors: Samuel, Jeffrey
Publisher : University of Ontario Institute of Technology
Degree : Master of Applied Science (MASc)
Department : Nuclear Engineering
Supervisor : Harvel, Glenn
Pioro, Igor
Keywords: SCWR
Heat transfer
Abstract: Current CANDU-type nuclear reactors use a once-through fuel-channel with an annulus gas insulating it from the moderator. The current reference design for a CANDU-type SuperCritical Water-Cooled Reactor (SCWR) is to eliminate the annulus gap and use a ceramic insert to insulate the coolant from the moderator. While such a design may work, alternative fuel-channel design concepts are under development to explore the optimum efficiency of SCWRs. One such alternative approach is called the Re-Entrant fuel-channel. The Re-Entrant fuel-channel consists of three tubes, the inner tube (flow tube), pressure tube and an outer tube. The fuel bundles are placed in the inner tube. An annulus is formed between the flow and pressure tubes, through which the primary coolant flows. A ceramic insulator is placed between the pressure tube and the outer tube. The coolant flows through the annulus receiving heat from the inner tube from one end of the channel to another. At the far end, the flow will reverse direction and enter the inner tube, and hence the fuel-string. At the inlet, the temperature is 350°C for a high-pressure coolant (pressure of 25 MPa), which is just below the pseudocritical point. At the outlet, the temperature is about 625ºC at the same pressure (the pressure drop is small and can be neglected). The objective of this work was to design the Re-Entrant channel and to estimate the heat loss to the moderator for the proposed new fuel-channel design. A numerical model was developed and MATLAB was used to calculate the heat loss from the insulated Re-Entrant fuel-channel along with the temperature profiles and the heat transfer coefficients for a given set of flow, pressure, temperature and power boundary conditions. Thermophysical properties were obtained from NIST REFPROP software. With the results from the numerical model, the design of the Re-Entrant fuelchannel was optimized to improve its efficiency
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science - Master Theses
Electronic Theses and Dissertations (Public)

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